Endocrinology is a branch of medicine dealing with the endocrine system, its specific secretions called hormones, and the diseases affecting it. The specialty focuses primarily on organs that secrete hormones (pituitary, thyroid, adrenals, ovaries, testes, and pancreas). The most common endocrine diseases are diabetes mellitus, thyroid disorders (hyper, hypothyroidism, thyroid cancer), metabolic bone disease (osteoporosis, rickets), and sexual hormonal disorders (hypogonadism, polycystic ovarian syndrome). New, emerging diagnostic techniques and continuous research are being utilized for the treatment of people with endocrine and metabolic disorders.
Fortis Mumbai - Best Hospital for Diabetes Treatment in Mumbai
Fortis Hospitals, Mumbai Diabetology and Endocrinology Department offers comprehensive care across the spectrum of endocrine dysfunctions. Patients (adult and pediatric) have access to diagnostic assessment (thyroid function, diabetes testing), medical treatment (diabetes, goiter, hypothyroidism) minimally invasive procedures (adrenalectomy, thyroidectomy) surgical interventions (bariatric), and cancer treatment (tumors of adrenaline, pituitary, neuroendocrine). Most diseases like obesity, diabetes, and thyroid disorders are chronic conditions requiring lifelong care, hence pivotal to our therapeutic process is the psychosocial and mental well-being support, health education, and a robust patient-physician relationship to enable a longer and better quality of life.
We are pioneers in the treatment of endocrine conditions presented with unusual symptoms. A huge body of work is available of admitted patients from across the country with confusing symptoms. These diagnostic dilemmas were assessed accurately, correct treatment was initiated and patients were completely cured of the complex condition and restored to good health.
Diabetes Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment Options
In the majority of cases, diabetes shows little or no symptoms. Hence, early detection can be difficult. However, if any early symptoms have been persisting for some time, then it is best to consult your general physician and get tested.
The common symptoms of diabetes are:
Feeling hungry despite eating
Cuts and sores that take time to heal
If one is overweight or obese, then it is prudent to get tested for diabetes even if there are no visible symptoms of the condition. In addition to that, testing should be done if:
You belong to a high-risk ethnic group
You have high blood pressure, low HDL cholesterol, heart disease, or high triglycerides
There is a family history of diabetes
There is a medical history of abnormal blood sugar or signs of insulin resistance
You do not indulge in regular physical exercise
You have a history of polycystic ovary syndrome or gestational diabetes
If you are over the age of 45, it is recommended to undergo regular testing for diabetes. Periodic monitoring of glucose levels helps to establish a baseline as the risk of diabetes increases as one grows older.
Diabetes Diagnosis Services at Fortis Hospital Mumbai
The recommended tests for prediabetes, diabetes type 1, and type 2 are:
Glycated Haemoglobin or A1C Test
Fasting Plasma Glucose or FPG Test
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test or OGTT
Random Plasma Glucose Test
Haemoglobin A1C Test
Zinc transporter 8 autoantibody (ZnT8Ab) Test
Urine Testing for Diabetes
Initial Glucose Test
Follow-up glucose tolerance Testing
Range of Diabetes & Endocrinology Treatments at Fortis Mumbai
Every diabetic patient’s needs are unique. Therefore, treatments have to be planned accordingly. Your diabetes care team at Fortis, Mumbai will be able to guide you in the right therapy direction to any one of the treatment options mentioned below in case required:
Surgery for tumours of: thyroid, adrenals, pancreas, pituitary and neuroendocrine
Tumors can occur in any of the major endocrine glands like the thyroid, adrenals, pancreas, pituitary, and neuroendocrine. The treatment for the cure of any of these tumors involves surgery to remove it. This surgery can be performed as a minimally invasive procedure or traditional open surgery depending on the type of tumor and health status of the patient.
Areas Of Diabetology and Endocrinology Care
Diabetes requires constant monitoring and regular check-ups as it is an acute and long-lasting condition with its share of additional health complications. Many things may go wrong in the pre-diabetes stage which can lead to the patient developing diabetes in the future. The most common forms of diabetes are type 1 and type 2. However, there is another form of diabetes known as gestational diabetes that affects women during their pregnancy. Fortis Hospital, Mumbai is a leading center for diabetes management and can offer comprehensive treatment in the following areas of care:
Diabetes (Type 1, Type 2, gestational)
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Comprehensive multi-system diabetes testing
CT/MRI scan for pituitary
Thyroid function tests
Learn more about diabetes types from Mumbai's leading diabetologists.
Our Diabetes & Endocrinology Specialist Team
Our Diabetology and Endocrinology multi-disciplinary team utilizes a collaborative approach to ensure expert individualized care:
Well-trained nurses, diabetology counselors, clinical nutritionists, psychologists, and social workers
The team is ably supported by anesthetists, intensive care specialists, infectious diseases specialists, radiologists, and clinical pharmacologists.
Visit our Best Diabetes & Endocrinology Hospital in Mumbai, India
Adrenalectomy is a surgical procedure which involves the removal of one or both of the adrenal glands. An adrenal mass or tumor is the most common problem associated with the adrenal glands that need an Adrenalectomy. Removal of the adrenal gland can be performed as a minimally invasive (laparoscopic) procedure or traditional open surgery depending on the condition affecting the adrenal gland and how severe it is.
What is Bariatric surgery?
Bariatric surgery is a type of surgery that helps people lose weight by making changes to the digestive system. This surgery is considered in persons who have severe and uncontrollable obesity and who you have serious health problems, such as type 2-diabetes or sleep apnea, related to obesity. After the surgery, healthy lifestyle habits can help lose more weight and keep the weight off for the long term.
What is pancreas transplant?
Surgery to implant a healthy pancreas from a donor into a person with failed pancreas is a Pancreas transplant. Most often, this surgical procedure is performed in people with type 1 diabetes. People who require insulin therapy and have type 2-diabetes can also benefit from this procedure. Restoring normal blood glucose levels to the body is the main goal of Pancreas transplant.
What is Parathyroidectomy?
The surgical procedure which involves the removal of one or more of the parathyroid glands is Parathyroidectomy. It is performed to treat hyperparathyroidism, a condition characterized by overactivity of the parathyroid glands. Parathyroid gland removal is also needed if the patient has tumors called adenomas that cause over- or under-production of parathyroid hormone, cancerous tumors on or near the glands, and parathyroid hyperplasia (enlargement of all four parathyroid glands).
What is Thyroidectomy ?
A surgical procedure to remove all or part of the thyroid gland is Thyroidectomy. It is performed to treat thyroid disorders, such as cancer, goitre (a condition that is characterised by the noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid) and overactive thyroid. If only a portion of the thyroid gland is removed, it is called Partial thyroidectomy. If the entire thyroid is removed, it is called Total thyroidectomy.
What are different types of diabetes?
Diabetes (Type 1, Type 2, gestational)
Type 1 diabetes mostly develops in children and young adults of any age and therefore is popularly known as ‘juvenile diabetes'. This is a more severe form of diabetes, where the affected is dependent on insulin to manage the condition.
Type 2 diabetes or non-insulin dependent diabetes is the most common form of this chronic condition that affects adults. It typically develops in both men and women beyond the age of 35 and above. But, in recent times, more and more younger adults are now being affected by this serious health hazard too.
Many women during their pregnancy develop another temporary form of blood sugar known as gestational diabetes. The blood sugar levels tend to increase drastically and so their bodies are unable to generate adequate amounts of insulin in order to transport the glucose into the body’s cells. In due course of time, this leads to rising levels of sugar in the body. Gestational diabetes can be controlled and managed throughout the pregnancy period with the right diet and exercise. 10% to 20% of pregnant women with gestational diabetes may require some form of blood sugar-controlling medicines. If the condition remains undiagnosed, it may put the child at risk during the birthing process.
To check thyroid function, what blood tests are used?
Thyroid function tests involve a series of blood tests that are performed to measure how well the thyroid gland is working. These tests include:
Interpretation of these test results helps to find out whether the individual has a thyroid disorder, how severe it is, and how to treat it. It is to be noted that these tests are influenced by certain medications like contraceptive pills, steroid hormones, anti-inflammatory medications, and illnesses like heart attack, serious liver disease, and kidney failure.
How to book an appointment at Fortis Diabetes Hospital, Mumbai?