Leading Cardiovascular Diseases Treatment Hospitals In Mumbai
The cardiovascular system, also called the circulatory system, moves blood throughout the human body. It is composed of the heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries.Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a general term for conditions affecting the heart or blood vessels.
It’s usually associated with a buildup of fatty deposits inside the arteries and an increased risk of blood clots. It can also be associated with damage to arteries in organs such as the brain, heart, kidneys and eyes.
Types of Cardiovascular Diseases
- Angina – considered as both a cardiac and vascular disease.
- Arrhythmia – problems with the heartbeat, irregular heartbeat, or heart rhythm.
- Congenital heart disease – problem with heart function or structure present at birth.
- Coronary artery disease (CAD) – problem with the arteries that feed the heart muscle are diseased.
- Dilated cardiomyopathy.
- Heart attack.
- Heart failure.
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
- Mitral regurgitation.
- Mitral valve prolapse.
- Pulmonary stenosis.
- Rheumatic Heart Disease.
- Rhythm disorders such as atrial fibrillation.
Vascular Diseases (Diseases that affect the blood vessels – arteries, veins, or capillaries) include:
- Peripheral artery (arterial) disease.
- Renal artery disease.
- Raynaud’s disease (Raynaud’s phenomenon).
- Buerger’s disease.
- Peripheral venous disease.
- Stroke – known as a type of cerebrovascular disease.
- Venous blood clots.
- Blood clotting disorders.
A healthy lifestyle can lower your risk of CVD. If you already have CVD, staying as healthy as possible can reduce the chances of it getting worse.
Ways you can reduce your CVD risk are outlined below:
- Stop smoking
- Have a balanced diet
A Balanced Diet Includes:
- Low levels of saturated fat (found in foods such as fatty cuts of meat, lard, cream, cakes and biscuits) – try to include healthier sources of fat, such as oily fish, nuts and seeds and olive oil
- Low levels of salt
- Low levels of sugar
- Plenty of fibre and wholegrain foods
- Plenty of fruit and vegetables
- Exercise regularly
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Cut down on alcohol