Urology Care - Diagnosis & Treatment At Fortis Hospitals Mumbai
Urology Care - Diagnosis
The patient may be scheduled for one or a few of the following diagnostic tests and exams based on the symptoms experienced, to know what exactly the problem is.
The adrenal glands are thin soft tissue structures located on the top of each kidney. Scanning these glands using MRI technology, which involves usage of radio waves and magnetic field, gives detailed images of the soft-tissues. This information helps the doctors to distinguish the diseased tissues from healthy tissues and also find out what's wrong with them.
Pelvic MRI with Prostate Probe
In this imaging test, an MRI scanner uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field to create detailed pictures of the area between the hip bones (pelvic area), thus helping the doctor to evaluate the abnormal body tissues. A small probe called a transducer which is about the size of the finger can be used to make the pictures of the prostate.
Digital Rectal Exam
As the name implies, this test involves an examination of the rectum. This physical examination of the lower rectum is used to evaluate any kind of symptoms which arises in the genitals and urinary tract of both men and women. It helps to detect Prostate gland abnormalities, tumors in the uterus, cervix or ovaries, bladder and rectum abnormalities, rectal or vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, changes in bowel or bladder habits. The patients who complain of Hemorrhoids and anal fissures should inform the doctor prior to this test.
Nuclear Renal Scan
The role of this scan is to evaluate kidney function and perfusion, kidney obstruction and kidney failure. It is also one of the follow up tests post kidney transplantation. Doctors can also order this scan to diagnose the renovascular hypertensive disease if they suspect any problem that relates your kidney and high blood pressure.
Prostate CT Scan
The Prostate is a small, walnut-shaped gland present in the male reproductive system. A CT scan which utilizes X-rays to produce fine three-dimensional (3-D) images of various body parts can reveal details about blood flow and anatomy of tissues in and around the prostate and help diagnose prostate problems.
This test uses sound waves to produce the images of the prostate gland and diagnose problems like cancer, inflammation, infertility or other prostate-related conditions. This safe, painless, non-invasive imaging modality which doesn’t require much pre-preparation helps to visualize the prostate in real time.
Prostate-specific antigen test or PSA test is the most common screening tool for medical conditions related to the prostate gland. Generally, the prostate gland releases a protein called Prostate-specific antigen into the bloodstream of men. Low level of PSA in the blood is good. But when the PSA level increases, it indicates the presence of abnormal conditions like inflammation or cancer in the Prostate.
This kind of ultrasound examination uses high-frequency sound waves to determine the cause of unexplained pain or bleeding in the organs of the reproductive system. These tests are non-hazardous and carry no harmful side effects as they do not use radiation.
This test involves the usage of sound waves to create images of the male's testicles and its surrounding tissues like epididymis, scrotum, etc. It is used to determine the cause of the sudden onset of pain or any kind of inflammation or abnormalities in the testicles.
Transvaginal ultrasound is a kind of pelvic ultrasound which examines the female reproductive organs like uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, cervix, bladder and vagina to identify abnormalities and check the health of them. It provides the doctor with a wealth of detailed information which any other type of diagnostic imaging can’t.
Ultrasound + Biopsy
An ultrasound-guided biopsy is a medical test which helps to learn more about a particular organ. The role of ultrasound is to guide the biopsy needle to the area of concern for removing a sample of tissue. This tissue is then tested in the laboratory and any kind of abnormalities like infection or inflammation can be diagnosed.
Urology Care - Treatment
Minimally Invasive Surgery
With this revolutionary technology advancement of Minimally Invasive Surgeries, our expert Urologists go high-tech in performing Robotic Prostatectomy, Minimally Invasive Surgery to Correct Pelvic Organ Prolapse, Complex Urethral & Vaginal Reconstruction, and Orchiopexy. These procedures ensure precise surgery with minimal blood loss, short hospital stay periods and quick recoup.
When medications and other front-line treatments don’t bring desired results then our doctors go for surgeries involving Urodynamics, Genito Urinary Medicine, Trans Rectal USG (TRUS) & Biopsy, Uro-Laparoscopy, Penile Doppler, Stone Clinic including ESWL, Lower Tract Endoscopy (TURP & TURBT, OIU), surgeries for treating conditions related to Pediatric Urology, Gynaec-Urology, Uro-Oncology, Ureteroscopy,Reconstructive Urology, PCNL Watch Video, Prosthetic Surgery (Artificial Implants), Laser Prostate Surgery, Artificial Urethral Sphincter Surgery, RIRS- Retrograde Intra Renal Surgery, A-V Fistula Surgery and Andrology & Male Infertility.
Holmium laser prostate surgery
Holmium laser prostate surgery, also known as holmium enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP), is a minimally invasive treatment for enlarged prostate in men. The procedure is used to treat men with a condition called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). In men with BPH, the prostate gland gets enlarged but is not cancerous. The enlarged prostate can result in number of urinary tract symptoms like frequent urination, inability to urinate, difficulty in starting urination or loss of bladder control.
The technique uses a surgical laser to remove the tissue blocking urine flow through the prostate; another instrument is then used to cut the prostate tissue into small fragments that can be easily removed. The extracted tissue is then sent to the pathology lab for further examination of other conditions including prostate cancer.
HoLEP is similar to open prostate surgery but offers a unique advantage in being able to remove a large amount of tissue without any incisions. This decreases the need for blood transfusions during surgery, reduces hospital stay and the risk of needing any repeat treatment. It offers faster recovery and symptom relief compared to a traditional open surgery.
Department utilises a collaborative approach, working with a multi-disciplinary team of specialists to bring holistic care to patients. Our constant endeavour is to deliver a patient-friendly ecosystem by enabling smooth transition post-surgery and a faster return to daily routine. We are leaders in the city for laser-assisted prostrate surgery and a training centre in the modern technique, with the best surgical outcomes, at par with international standards.