Chemotherapy - is a type of cancer treatment that uses a group of medications to destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy works in a manner to stop or slow the growth of rapidly dividing cancer cells. Chemotherapy drugs can be utilised alone or as a combination to treat a wide variety of cancers. Chemotherapy may be recommended before surgery (neoadjuvant) to shrink the tumor or after surgery (adjuvant) to kill any cancer that may remain. Though it is an effective way to treat many types of cancer, chemotherapy treatment also carries a risk of side effects than other medication types.
Immunotherapy (also called Biological therapy) - these group of medications are the newest class of anti-cancer drugs designed to slow the growth and spread of cancer by activating the body’s immune system to fight the disease. This treatment works best in combination with chemotherapy. Can be used across a wide array of cancers including kidney cancer, lymphoma, melanoma and some head & neck cancers.
Hormone therapy - some types of cancers depend on the hormones estrogen and progesterone to grow. Hormone therapy uses a group of medications to block or reduce the level of hormones in the body, that promote the growth of these cancers. Most commonly used for treatment of breast cancer, endometrial (uterine) cancer, ovarian cancer, and prostate cancer.
Targeted drug therapy - these group of medications slow the growth and spread of cancer by interfering with specific molecules of cancer cells. They work in a manner to target specific genes or proteins found in the cancer cells.
To understand cancer treatments of the blood and blood-forming organs, such as leukemia, leukoma etc.