Kidney Cancer Diagnosis & Treatment At Fortis Hospitals Mumbai
Here are some tests and procedures that may be used to detect kidney cancer:
- Physical examination and family medical history
- Blood and urine tests to find out what’s causing the signs and symptoms
- Imaging tests such as X-ray, CT or MRI, ultrasound that can help the doctor identify and see a kidney tumour or abnormality.
- Biopsy to help confirm the presence of cancer and determine what type of tumour a patient has. However, this procedure may not be always required.
Treatment for kidney cancer depends on several factors like the type and stage of cancer, general health, personal preferences, etc. For aggressive or advanced cases, our specialists use their expertise with the latest treatments and combinations of approaches such as surgery, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, and radiation, etc, to treat the disease.
Surgery: Surgery is the initial treatment for most kidney cancer cases. The goal of surgery is to remove the tumour from the body while preserving normal kidney function, when possible. Surgery can be either complete (radical) or conservative. A radical nephrectomy involves removing the entire kidney, along with some surrounding tissue, adrenal gland and the lymph nodes. In conservative nephrectomy, only the tumour, some surrounding tissue and lymph nodes are removed. Surgery can be performed as an open procedure, or with robotic assistance or laparoscopically - based on the type and stage of cancer, as well as the patient’s overall health.
Nonsurgical options: Cryoablation, also called cryotherapy, or radiofrequency ablation may be an option for certain people with other problems and who may not be able to undergo surgery. Cryoablation uses cold gas to freeze and destroy cancerous cells. Radiofrequency ablation uses electric current, which is run through the needle and into the cancer cells. This causes the cancer cells to heat up or burn.
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy can stop or delay the progress of cancer. It uses powerful drugs to kill cancerous cells.
Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-powered energy rays from sources such as X-rays and protons to shrink the tumour, or reduce the spread of cancer cells. This type of treatment is sometimes used to relieve symptoms of kidney cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.
Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy helps the immune system fight cancer, using synthetic versions of immunoactive chemicals found in the body.
Targeted therapy: Targeted therapy uses drugs designed to target specific functions or genes that play a role in the development of cancer.
At Fortis Hospital, Mulund, our experienced kidney cancer specialists work as a team to accurately diagnose and treat the disease, enabling you to have the best possible quality of life. We also provide comprehensive follow-up care for each of our patients.