Diagnosis & Treatment
A non-invasive test, it will provide a better understanding of the structural abnormalities, ejection fraction, infections etc.
Done with the aid of radioactive elements, this non-invasive test reveals if there are any cardiovascular disorders by providing imaging of the organ.
This study consists of analysing the abnormalities in the heart rate.
A cardiologist through this test understands the performance of heart functioning under intense physical activity and stress.
CT scans come in handy for diagnosing clogged arteries and other heart conditions.
Holter monitors attached to the arm, record heart activity including blood pressure changes, electronic activity in the set period of time, usually 24 hours.
Interventional Cardiology Treatments:
Coronary Angiography, Angioplasty and Stenting:
Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty are diagnostic and treatment procedures respectively, to understand the conditions related to heart and blood vessels. Patients with typical symptoms like chest discomfort, left arm pain, a heart valve problem would be recommended these procedures as a preventive measure for averting a heart attack or a stroke.
While an angiography gives an idea if there are is any accumulation of fat deposits in the blood vessels, angioplasty through a catheter inflates a balloon that pushes plagues to the valve, making a way for the increased blood flow. Stenting often done in concurrence with angioplasty is a cylindrical shaped metal mesh that keeps the clogged vein opening, facilitating an uninterrupted blood flow.
Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting:
Known as Bypass Surgery in layman terms it is an invasive procedure in which blood flow to the fully or blocked coronary artery gets restored, by taking a healthy blood vessel from either leg, arm or chest. The blood vessel is then connected to the upper and lower ends of the blocked artery thus creating a ‘bypass’ route for the improved blood flow to the heart.
Pacemaker is a small electronic device which regulates slow electric problem in the heartbeat. Placed under the chest skin, it plays a pivotal role in alerting the heart to beat normally if the heartrate is extremely rapid or dangerously low. It is recommended for the patients who lack electric stimulation in the heart chambers.
A Percutaneous Valvuloplasty is a minimally invasive procedure recommended for the patients suffering from mitral, aortic and pulmonic stenosis. Under this procedure, single or multiple balloons are inserted under the skin for dilating and opening the closed valve.
Transcutaneous Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVR)
Transcutaneous Aortic Valve Implantation is a boon to the patients suffering from multiple organ related complications and are at the high risk of surgery. In this minimally invasive procedure, a catheter attached with a balloon at the tip gets inflated and aids in placing the new valve at the right place, thus reducing cardiac complications to a greater extent.
Inferior Vena Cava Filter is implanted in inferior vena cava – larger vein which plays a crucial role in transporting deoxygenated blood, thus averting the risk of pulmonary emboli. A minimally invasive procedure the filter attached to the catheter gets placed in the vein, which arrests the blood clots from travelling into the lungs, thus preventing a fatal condition.
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Also Read: Comprehensive Cardiac Care at Fortis Hospitals, Mumbai