Cardiac Care - Diagnosis & Treatment At Fortis Hospitals Mumbai
Cardiology Care - Diagnosis
One or a few of the following tests can be conducted by our cardiologists to confirm the presence of heart disease.
CT Coronary Angiogram
A computerized tomography (CT) coronary angiogram is an imaging test that looks at the arteries that supply your heart with blood. Unlike traditional coronary angiograms, CT angiograms don’t use a catheter threaded through your blood vessels to your heart.
An angiogram is an X-ray image of blood vessels after they are filled with a contrast material. An angiogram of the heart, a coronary angiogram, is the “gold standard” for the evaluation of coronary artery disease (CAD). A coronary angiogram can be used to identify the exact location and severity of CAD. Angiographic images accurately reveal the extent and severity of all coronary artery blockages. For patients with severe angina or heart attack (myocardial infarction), or those who have markedly abnormal noninvasive tests for CAD (such as stress tests), the angiogram also helps the doctor select the optimal treatment.
Cardiac ablation is a procedure that can correct heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias). Ablation usually uses long, flexible tubes (catheters) that are inserted through a vein in your groin and threaded to your heart to correct structural problems in your heart that cause an arrhythmia.
Cardiac catheterization is a procedure used to diagnose and treat cardiovascular conditions. During cardiac catheterization, a long thin tube called a catheter is inserted in an artery or vein in your groin, neck or arm and threaded through your blood vessels to your heart. Using this catheter, doctors can then do diagnostic tests as part of a cardiac catheterization. Some heart disease treatments, such as coronary angioplasty, also are done using cardiac catheterization.
Cardioversion is a medical procedure done to restore a normal heart rhythm for people who have certain types of abnormal heartbeats (arrhythmias).
An echocardiogram is key in determining the health of the heart muscle, especially after a heart attack. It is a test that uses sound waves to create pictures of the heart. An echocardiogram is a painless procedure & does not expose you to radiation. This test allows your doctor to monitor how your heart and its valves are functioning. The images can help them spot:
- blood clots in the heart
- fluid in the sac around the heart
- problems with the aorta, which is the main artery connected to the heart
ECG helps to record the electrical activity and rhythms of the heart, by attaching electrodes to the patient's skin. The result or impulse is recorded in a wave form which helps the Cardiologists to detect problems like heart failure, heart attacks, arrhythmia or irregular heartbeat.
This is an important procedure that gives ultrasound images of the heart and helps to evaluate the anatomy and functioning of the heart. The images captured during this painless procedure can reveal details about blood clots in the heart and problems with the aorta.
This measurement helps to determine the amount of blood the ventricle (usually the left ventricle) pumps out during each contraction. It can be measured using Echocardiogram or MRI scan. A healthy heart measures 55% to 60% of ejection fraction.
A cardiac CT scan is used to study the heart and blood vessels by taking detailed pictures of it without making any incisions. Doctors can suggest Calcium-score screening heart scan or Coronary CT angiography (CTA) based on the symptoms experienced by the patient.
It uses strong magnetic fields and radio waves to capture the detailed images of the heart and blood vessels. It helps to diagnose several conditions like congenital heart defects, coronary heart disease, heart failure, heart valve defects and inflammation of pericarditis.
Stress test often involves exercising, running on a treadmill or pedalling a stationary cycle. During this, the heart pumps harder and helps to monitor the changes in the patient's blood pressure, heart rhythm and heartbeat. In a nutshell, this test shows how well the heart can handle the physical stress.
Tilt Table Test
This test is recommended for patients who have unexplained dizziness or lightheadedness. It is a simple test in which patients lie on a special table with safety belts and tilted at different angles. A technician measures the patient’s blood pressure and heart rate to evaluate the changes during tilting.
Blood and urine tests
These simple tests can reveal a hefty amount of details about blood count and liver, thyroid, and kidney function of the patient and help to understand the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases.
An X-ray helps to detect the enlargement of heart or presence of fluid in the lungs. They also give clues about blood vessel problems like aortic aneurysm, calcium deposits in the heart or blood vessels (which lead to heart attack) and congenital heart disease.
Analysing the levels of Cholesterol is necessary to predict a person’s risk of developing heart disease. High blood cholesterol hardens the arteries and results in atherosclerosis. If the accumulated cholesterol blocks the arteries completely, a heart attack occurs. So, Cholesterol tests hold an important place in preventive healthcare.
Cardiology Care - Treatmment
Interventional Cardiology Procedures:
- Coronary Angiography, Angioplasty and Stenting
- Angiography and Angioplasty of arteries of neck, leg, arm and kidney
- EP Study (Diagnostic) and Ablation
- Permanent Pacemaker (Single and Double Chamber)
- Heart failure device and AICD implantation
- ASD, VSD, PDA device closure
- Endovascular aneurysm repair
Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery Procedures
- Off-pump bypass surgery
- Keyhole bypass surgery
- Major Aortic Cardiac Aneurysm Surgeries
- Minimal access aortic arch replacement
- Hybrid aortic surgery
- Endovascular aortic surgery
- Endoscopic Valve Repair and Replacement
- Non-Sternotomy Valve Repair and Replacement
- MAZE Procedures for AF
- Awake heart surgeries
- Surgery for heart failure
- Left ventricle restoration surgery
- Left ventricle assist devices (LVAD)
- The entire gamut of vascular and thoracic surgeries, including VATS (Video Assisted Thoracic Surgery
Heart & Lung Transplants
Peadiatric Cardiac Surgeries