Arthritis commonly refers to inflammation of the joints and is characterised by pain and swelling in multiple joints. Rheumatoid arthritis involves both the small and large joints and symmetrically involves the affected joints. This is a systematic disease that affects the entire body and leads to permanent joint damage and deformities.
Scleroderma is a rheumatic disease that is characterised by thickening of the skin in one or more areas of the body that is commonly known as localised scleroderma. Thickening of the skin along with complications related to the internal organs is known as systematic sclerosis.
This is a condition that is characterised by inflammation in the spinal cord that leads to the joining or fusion of the spine. This condition occurs in younger age groups of patients with a higher predilection towards males. Ankylosing spondylitis is more of a hereditary disease and a parent or sibling suffering from the same increases the chance of an individual developing this condition.
This is a condition that leads to inflammation in the muscles causing weakness in the affected muscles. One of the most distinguishing traits of this illness is significant muscle weakness in the proximal group of muscles. Women tend to be more affected by this illness.
This disease is more commonly known as Lupus and is characterised by a reddish facial rash on the face. Inflammation of the various internal organs of the body such as the brain, kidneys, heart and lungs is another characteristic of lupus.
This is an immune disorder characterised by a hypercoagulable state that is a tendency to develop clots in large arteries and large veins. This results in the patient developing clots in almost any organ of the body.