Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by a decrease in the bone density, decreasing its strength & making it weak & brittle – that a fall or even mild stresses can cause a fracture. Men & Women of age are both susceptible to the bone disease, however white & asian older woman past menopause are at a greater risk.
Osteoporosis is Serious & Costly
Osteoporosis is often called a silent disease because one can’t feel bones weakening. Breaking a bone is often the first sign of osteoporosis or a patient may notice that he or she is getting shorter or their upper back is curving forward. If you are experiencing height loss or your spine is curving, be sure to consult your doctor immediately.
Experts predict that osteoporosis will be responsible for approximately three million fractures and $25.3 billion in costs annually by the year 2025
Diagnosis – Bone Density Test
A bone density test is the only test that can diagnose osteoporosis before a broken bone occurs. This test helps to estimate the density of your bones and your chance of breaking a bone. This test uses a machine to measure your bone density. It estimates the amount of bone in your hip, spine and sometimes other bones.
A bone density test can help you:
- Find out early if you have weak bones or osteoporosis before you break a bone
- Predict your chance of breaking a bone in the future
- Check your bone density status – whether it is improving, getting worse or is the same
- Evaluate how well your medications prescribed for Osteoporosis is working
- Find out if you have osteoporosis after you break a bone
Who do we recommend for a Bone Density Test?
- If you are a woman age 65 or older
- If you are a man age 70 or older
- If you break a bone after age 50
- If you are a woman of menopausal age with risk factors
- If you are a postmenopausal woman under age 65 with risk factors
- If you are a man age 50-69 with risk factors
Understanding Bone Density Test Results
Your bone density test results are reported using T-scores. A T-score shows how much your bone density is higher or lower than the bone density of a healthy 30-year old adult.
What Your T-score Means. According to the World Health Organization (WHO):
- A T-score of -1.0 or above is normal bone density.
- A T-score between -1.0 and -2.5 means you have low bone density or osteopenia.
- A T-score of -2.5 or below is a diagnosis of osteoporosis.
The lower a person’s T-score, the lower the bone density. A T-score of -1.0 is lower than a T-score of 0.5 and a T-score of -3.5 is lower than a T-score of -3.0.