A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure to remove a woman’s uterus. The uterus, also known as the womb, is where a baby grows when a woman is pregnant. The uterine lining is the source of menstrual blood.
Why Is a Hysterectomy Performed?
A Hysterectomy is performed if you have any of the following:
- Uncontrollable vaginal bleeding
- Cancer of the uterus, cervix, or ovaries
- Fibroids, which are benign tumors that grow in the uterus
- Pelvic inflammatory disease, which is a serious infection of the reproductive organs
- Uterine prolapse, which occurs when the uterus drops through the cervix and protrudes from the vagina
- Endometriosis, which is a disorder in which the inner lining of the uterus grows outside of the uterine cavity, causing pain and bleeding
- Adenomyosis, which is a condition in which the inner lining of the uterus grows into the muscles of the uterus
Types of Hysterectomy
Partial Hysterectomy:During a partial hysterectomy,only a portion of the uterus is removed. The cervix maybe left intact.
Total Hysterectomy: During a total hysterectomy,the entire uterus including the cervix is removed.
Hysterectomy and Salpingo-Oophorectomy: During a hysterectomy and salpingo-oophorectomy, the uterus is removed along with one or both of the ovaries and fallopian tubes.A hormone replacement therapy may be required if both of the ovaries are removed.
Recovering From a Hysterectomy
After a hysterectomy, medication will be prescribed for pain and to monitor the patient’s vital signs, such as breathing and heart rate.
For a vaginal hysterectomy,the vagina will be packed with gauze to control the bleeding. The gauze will be removed within a few days after the surgery. However, the patient may experience bloody or brownish drainage from the vagina for about 10 days.
Once discharged from the hospital, it’s important to continue walking. The patient can walk around inside the house or around the neighborhood.
However, certain activities during recovery should be avoided. These include:
- Pushing and pulling objects
- Lifting heavy items
- Sexual intercourse
Vaginal or Laparoscopic hysterectomy – within 3 to 4weeks.
Abdominal hysterectomy : It should completely heal in about four 4 to 6 weeks.