Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

Your coronary arteries supply your heart muscle with blood. In coronary artery disease (CAD), the arteries that supply blood and oxygen to your heart muscle grow hardened and narrowed.
 
Heart bypass surgery, or coronary artery bypass surgery  creates a new path for blood to flow to the heart. The surgeon takes a healthy piece of vein from the leg or artery from the chest or wrist & replaces the damaged arteries in your heart muscle.Then the surgeon attaches it to the coronary artery, just above and below the narrowed area or blockage. This allows blood to bypass (get around) the blockage. Sometimes people need more than one bypass.
 
Your coronary arteries supply your heart muscle with blood. In coronary artery disease (CAD), the arteries that supply blood and oxygen to your heart muscle grow hardened and narrowed.
 
Heart bypass surgery, or coronary artery bypass surgery  creates a new path for blood to flow to the heart. The surgeon takes a healthy piece of vein from the leg or artery from the chest or wrist & replaces the damaged arteries in your heart muscle.Then the surgeon attaches it to the coronary artery, just above and below the narrowed area or blockage. This allows blood to bypass (get around) the blockage. Sometimes people need more than one bypass.
 
A bypass surgery is recommended depending on how many of your arteries are blocked.

Single bypass:

only one artery is blocked

Double bypass:

two arteries are blocked

Triple bypass:

three arteries are blocked

Quadruple bypass:

four arteries are blocked

A person’s risk of having a heart attack, heart failure, or another cardiac issue depends on the number of arteries blocked.

Preparing For A Bypass Surgery

If the surgery is not an emergency procedure & scheduled in advance , the patient will most likely have several preoperative appointments.The patient will  also undergo several tests to help your doctor get an accurate picture of your health. These test may include:
 

  • Blood samples
  • Chest X-ray
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)
  • Angiogram

Recovery from Heart Bypass Surgery

You’ll likely be in the ICU for one to two days so your vital signs can be monitored. Once you’re stable, you will be moved to another room. Be prepared to stay in the hospital for seven days.
 
Before you leave the hospital, your medical team will give you instructions on how to care for yourself, including:
 

  • Caring for the incision wound(s)
  • Getting plenty of rest

 
Recovery from heart bypass surgery can take six to 12 weeks. That’s the least amount of time it takes for your breastbone to heal. During this time, you should avoid heavy exertion. Limit physical activity as much as possible, and don’t lift objects over 10 pounds. Also, you shouldn’t drive until you get approval from your doctor.
 
Your doctor will likely recommend cardiac rehabilitation. This will involve a regimen of carefully monitored physical activity and occasional stress tests to see how your heart is healing.

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