Diskectomy is a surgical procedure to remove all or part of the cushion that helps support part of your spinal column. These cushions are called disks, and they separate your spinal bones (vertebrae).
When one of your disks moves out of place (herniates), the soft gel inside pushes through the wall of the disk. The disk may then place pressure on the spinal cord and nerves that are coming out of your spinal column. A herniated disk can irritate or compress nearby nerves and cause pain, numbness or weakness.These symptoms can affect your neck or back or may radiate down your arms or legs.
Many of the symptoms caused by a herniated disk get better or go away over time without surgery. Only a few people with a herniated disk need surgery.
Your doctor may recommend a diskectomy if you have a herniated disk and:
- Leg pain or numbness that is very bad or is not going away, making it hard to do daily tasks
- Severe weakness in muscles of your lower leg or buttocks
- Pain that spreads into your buttocks or legs
Preoperative Period Of Diskectomy – What Should You Expect?
Few days before your surgery is scheduled :
- You need to stop smoking if you’re a smoker. Your recovery time will be slower & longer.
- If you take any medication that makes it harder for your blood to clot you need to stop taking them two weeks before your surgery- Your doctor will advise you on the same.
- Any medical history like heart disease, diabetes etc will be looked into to prevent any complications during the surgery
- Inform your doctor if you have a high intake of alcohol.
- Always let your doctor know about any cold, flu, fever, herpes breakout, or other illnesses you may have.
- Visit the physical therapist to learn some exercises to do before surgery and to practice using crutches.
On the day of the surgery:
- Follow instructions about when to stop eating and drinking.
Postoperative Period Of Diskectomy – What Should You Expect?
Your doctor or nurse will ask you to get up and walk around as soon as your anesthesia wears off. Most people are discharged the day of the surgery itself.Most people have pain relief and can move better after surgery. Numbness and tingling should get better or disappear.