Curb Spread of Water Borne Diseases

September 22, 2017

Did you know that four – fifths of the illnesses in developing countries are caused by Water Borne diseases with diarrhoea taking the lead in India. With the recent tragic downpour that Mumbaikars have faced in the recent days the risk of waterborne diseases is at its peak.


There is a high risk of contracting diseases like cholera, gastroenteritis,diarrhoea, typhoid, filariasis for people who have come in contact with contaminated water including commuters who were stranded on the flooded roads & railway stations.


In order to be acquainted with the ways to avoid water borne diseases, it is important to first know how infection takes place.

Flood waters carry human and animal feces, silt, toxic chemical wastes, oil, and other suspended particles with it.The microorganisms spreads through drinking contaminated water. However, apart from that, water borne diseases can also be spread via clothes, hands, foods, materials used for cooking, eating, and drinking. The microorganisms can  also enter the body through an open wound, eyes, and nose as well. Typhoid fever, dysentery, diarrhea, cholera, hepatitis, worms, and polio are some of the widespread water borne diseases.

Water borne diseases are extremely harmful and lead to severe illness and may even be fatal. They lower the body’s resistance and intake of nourishment, resulting in further infections and diseases. Therefore, prevention of waterborne diseases is vital.

Symptoms of Water-borne diseases:

There can be a variety of symptoms but vomiting, diarrhoea, stomach cramps, loss of appetite, weight loss & fever  are the most common symptoms. Other symptoms include  skin & eye infections.


Types of Waterborne Diseases

  • Diarrhoea & Gastroenteritis
  • Abdominal pain & cramps
  • Typhoid
  • Dysentery
  • Cholera
  • Meningitis
  • Malaria
  • Hepatitis
  • Polio

Common Ways To Avoid Waterborne Diseases

  • Vigorously boiling water for one minute can kill most microorganisms.
  • Common household items such as chlorine bleach, tincture of iodine, and iodine tablets can be used to disinfect water.
  • Make washing your hands thoroughly with soap after using the toilet, before preparing food and before eating a mandatory routine.
  • Ensure fruits/ vegetables is cleaned and thoroughly cooked to kill harmful bacteria and other harmful germs that may be present
  • Get immunised to protect yourself from vaccine preventable diseases.
  • Consume warm & home cooked food, avoid street food.

For any emergency call us:

Fortis Hospital,Mulund :  022 4365 4365

Fortis Hospital, Kalyan : 022 3919 9222

S L Raheja, Hospital, A Fortis Associate: 022 6652 9666

Hiranandani Hospital, Vashi – A Fortis Network Hospital: 025 1669 4100

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