When To Consult An Oncosurgeon? Do All Cancers Require Surgeries?
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Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of various types of cancers or tumours. A vast medical speciality, the experts in this area are broadly classified into – Medical Oncologists, Surgical Oncologists or Oncosurgeons and Radiation Oncologists.
A medical oncologist diagnoses the type of cancer, its stage after running tests and decides upon the course of treatment like chemotherapy, radiation, targeted therapy, immunotherapy etc.
Oncosurgeons remove malignant tumours through invasive or minimally invasive procedures. They also conduct biopsies, by extracting the tissue sample for ascertaining the type of cancer through lab tests.
In certain cases, cancer cells are attacked with radiation and it forms a crucial part of treatment. A radiation oncologist draws a treatment plan as per the dosage, cycles for a faster recovery.
Among these experts, few specialists deal exclusively with only certain type of cancers like:
Cancers of Reproductive Organs:
Gynecologic Oncologists and Surgical Oncologists treat cancers related to reproductive organs like ovaries, cervical and uterine.
Hematologists for treating various types of blood cancers.
These specialists diagnose and treat children and teenagers with different types of cancers like leukaemia, osteosarcoma etc.
The Department of Oncology at Hiranandani Fortis Hospital, Vashi, Navi Mumbai is a hub of expert oncologists and surgical oncologists, offering accurate diagnosis and advanced treatments for all types of cancers including surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and other procedures. The renowned specialists offer their services in treating these following cancer related ailments.
Consultation with a medical oncologist is always the first step in cancer treatment, where the diagnosis is done by running certain imaging tests like CT, MRI, PET-CT and blood works. Subsequently, the patients may have to a undergo a small surgery for excising the sample tissue for biopsy, by a surgical oncologist.
Surgical oncologists are extensively trained medical professionals for performing various open invasive or minimally invasive procedures, for excising complex tumours. In many cases, the surgical intervention aids in relieving the pain, pressure, discomfort and improves the quality of life.
What Does A Surgical Oncologist Do?
Extract sample tissue for biopsy from the site of tumour.
Locate the tumour, understand if it had spread to other parts and is interfering with the functioning of organs.
Remove the tumour completely or a part of it.
Ascertain the condition of tissues and remove it to prevent cancer cells from spreading.
Installing an infusion port in case of supportive surgeries
Reconstructive surgery of the body part, if needed
Do All Cancers Need Surgery?
Cancer surgeries are of many types and the expert doctor would decide if the patient needed to go under the knife. Just like different types of cancers, the surgical options are also many types. Thanks to medical advancements, these procedures can be either be open surgery or minimally invasive.
Highly committed and internationally trained surgical oncologists at The Department of Oncology at Hiranandani Fortis Hospital, Vashi, Navi Mumbai, offer extensive surgical and post-surgery care not only for easing the symptoms but also for ensuring quick recovery.
Types of Cancer Surgeries:
The experts take various factors into consideration like the following before deciding if surgery is an option in treating the cancer.
Type of tumour or cancer
Location of cancer
Growth rate of the cells
Metastasis of the cancer cells
The doctor may rule out surgery as an option, depending again on the type of cancer cells and other factors like - if it would compromise the quality of life and considering long-term side effects.
How Long Would It Take To Recover Post Surgery?
The recovery time post-surgery is completely dependent upon the type of cancer and surgical procedure. Patients who were operated through minimally invasive surgery, would be back on their feet within couple of days. However, if the doctor recommends an open surgery, the recovery time may get extended for a week to ten days.